These words of St. Paul (in the title) are the focus of Pope Francis’ annual Lenten message, which he broke down into four themes. 

The pope’s first theme is: “The Paschal Mystery as the basis of conversion.” The Paschal Mystery is the death and Resurrection of Jesus (in Romance languages it is easier to see this connection, since in them the word for Easter is “Pascua”). “Christian joy flows from listening to, and accepting, the Good News of the death and Resurrection of Jesus, the mystery of a love ‘so real, so true, so concrete, that it invites us to a relationship of openness and fruitful dialogue’ (Christus Vivit, 117). Whoever believes this message rejects the lie that our life is ours to do with as we will. Rather, life is born of the love of God our Father, from His desire to grant us life in abundance (cf. Jn 10:10). If we listen instead to the tempting voice of the ‘father of lies’ (Jn 8:44), we risk sinking into the abyss of absurdity, and experiencing hell here on earth, as all too many tragic events in the personal and collective human experience sadly bear witness.”

Christus Vivit is an apostolic exhortation Pope Francis wrote in 2019 to youth. In this Lenten message, he said that he “would like to share with every Christian what I wrote to young people, ‘Keep your eyes fixed on the outstretched arms of Christ crucified, let yourself be saved over and over again. And when you go to confess your sins, believe firmly in His mercy which frees you of your guilt. Contemplate His Blood poured out with such great love, and let yourself be cleansed by it. In this way, you can be reborn ever anew’ (No. 123). Jesus’ Pasch is not a past event; rather, through the power of the Holy Spirit it is ever present, enabling us to see and touch with faith the Flesh of Christ in those who suffer.” In writing this, the pope is pointing to what Jesus said about the Final Judgment in Matthew 25:31-46.

The second theme of the message is “The urgency of conversion.” The pontiff wrote,  “It is good to contemplate more deeply the Paschal Mystery through which God’s mercy has been bestowed upon us. Indeed, the experience of mercy is only possible in a ‘face to face’ relationship with the crucified and risen Lord ‘Who loved me and gave Himself for me’ (Gal 2:20), in a heartfelt dialogue between friends. That is why prayer is so important in Lent. Even more than a duty, prayer is an expression of our need to respond to God’s love which always precedes and sustains us. Prayer can take any number of different forms, but what truly matters in God’s eyes is that it penetrates deep within us and chips away at our hardness of heart, in order to convert us ever more fully to God and to His will.

“In this favorable season, then, may we allow ourselves to be led like Israel into the desert (cf. Hos 2:14), so that we can at last hear our Spouse’s voice and allow it to resound ever more deeply within us. May we not let this time of grace pass in vain, in the foolish illusion that we can control the times and means of our conversion to Him.”

The pope’s third theme is “God’s passionate will to dialogue with His children.” He wrote, “The fact that the Lord once again offers us a favorable time for our conversion should never be taken for granted and [should] stir us from our sloth. Despite the sometimes tragic presence of evil in our lives, and in the life of the Church and the world, this opportunity to change our course expresses God’s unwavering will not to interrupt His dialogue of Salvation with us. In the crucified Jesus, Who knew no sin, yet for our sake was made to be sin (cf. 2 Cor 5:21), this saving will led the Father to burden His Son with the weight of our sins, thus, in the expression of Pope Benedict XVI, ‘turning of God against Himself’ (Deus Caritas Est, 12). For God also loves His enemies (cf. Mt 5:43-48).

“The dialogue that God wishes to establish with each of us through the Paschal Mystery of His Son has nothing to do with empty chatter. Such chatter, determined by an empty and superficial curiosity, characterizes worldliness in every age; in our own day, it can also result in improper use of the media.”

The pope’s final theme is “A richness to be shared, not kept for oneself.” He shared, “Putting the Paschal Mystery at the center of our lives means feeling compassion towards the wounds of the crucified Christ present in the many innocent victims of wars, in attacks on life, from that of the unborn to that of the elderly, and various forms of violence. They are likewise present in environmental disasters, the unequal distribution of the earth’s goods, human trafficking in all its forms, and the unbridled thirst for profit, which is a form of idolatry.

Today too, there is a need to appeal to men and women of good will to share, by almsgiving, their goods with those most in need, as a means of personally participating in the building of a better world. We can and must go even further, and consider the structural aspects of our economic life.” 

The pope then noted that from March 26 to 28 he has “convened a meeting in Assisi with young economists, entrepreneurs and change-makers, with the aim of shaping a more just and inclusive economy. As the Church’s magisterium has often repeated, political life represents an eminent form of charity (cf. Pius XI, Address to Students, 18 December 1927). The same holds true for economic life, which can be approached in the same evangelical spirit, the spirit of the Beatitudes. I ask Mary Most Holy to pray that our Lenten celebration will open our hearts to hear God’s call to be reconciled to Himself, to fix our gaze on the Paschal Mystery, and to be converted to an open and sincere dialogue with Him. In this way, we will become what Christ asks His disciples to be: the salt of the earth and the light of the world (cf. Mt 5:13-14).”